The STAR interview format is often used by employers who hold structured competency based interviews but understanding STAR can help you be the STAR in any interview.
So first things first . . . what is STAR?
This format is a universally recognised technique for assessing responses in an interview setting.
Some interviewers use STAR to score you based on how well you communicate your answer across each element of STAR. They do not always disclose that they are using this technique, in which case you could be losing ‘points’ without knowing.
More forgiving interviewers give you advance warning of a competency-based interview, in which case you should assume they will use STAR. Others will not necessarily judge you based on your STAR structure but may use it to probe and guide you to get further information and the full picture e.g. ‘What was the situation that lead to you taking that action’ or ‘What was the result of that action’?
There is a strong possibility that any interview you attend could follow the STAR structure, so it is always good to prepare yourself. Regardless of whether an interviewer is expecting your answers in this format or not, by providing clear, structured answers you will not only improve how you communicate, it is likely that you will make the interviewer more receptive.
So, when preparing for an interview we recommend that you get a clear understanding and write a list of the desired skills and competencies that the employer is looking for. Think about and write out some STAR examples of how you can demonstrate that you have the required skills and experience.
Each answer should be concise and informative; you may find bullet point notes help you with this.
Describe the situation that you were confronted with to set the context. This one should be short and sweat e.g.
“When I started as the Project Manager the EOY budget closed with a loss of £400,000 with issues of both overspending and low revenues”.
Describe the task or responsibility you had. Keep it simple but be sure to include all elements e.g.
“It was my responsibility to get the P&L to break even, without damaging the integrity of the product and thus securing its profitable future.”
This is the most important section and should demonstrate and highlight the skills and personal attributes that the question is testing.
Whilst still being concise, you should provide some details here. Explain what you did, how you did it, and why you did it. 5-10 bullet points should be sufficient.
This is probably the most crucial part of your answer; you need to explain what you accomplished with tangible, measurable details. Here you can describe the outcome and also what you learnt in that situation which makes the answer personal and enables you to highlight what skills you would bring to the interviewer’s company. 5-10 bullet points should be sufficient e.g.
• I saved x money
• I increased x revenue
• I increased product output by x
• I delivered x projects on time
Your results should demonstrate that the actions you took had specific objectives and were effective.
Once you have been through the above steps for each of the key competencies and required skills it is important to review them and learn them!
The process of thinking about and writing out the above steps will make sure you can recall all your stats and figures etc and automatically improve the flow of your answers. It may not be appropriate or possible to talk about every bullet point but you can read the interview and cherry pick the suitable ones at the time.
At Eligo we tell our candidates “You are only as good as your interview”, which is why it is important to put the time and effort into your job interview preparation.
Eligo Recruitment offers a personal, consultative recruitment service. We listen to the people we work with, provide specialist advice and help match the right people to the right jobs. Our areas of recruitment expertise are the following industries; Fire & Security, IT, Oil and Gas, Building Services, Engineering and Events. We have jobs and candidates of all levels and across Permanent, Contract and Temporary.